Tooth Extraction

tooth extraction

What is tooth extraction?

Tooth extraction is a procedure done to remove damaged tooth or tooth that is beyond repair.


Why do teeth need to be extracted?

  1. Severe decay or caries
  2. Severe gum disease (periodontal disease) associated with tooth loosening
  3. Pathology associated (if the tooth is in close proximity or associated with cyst, tumours or jawbone fracture)
  4. Impaction associated with recurrent infection or potential damage to adjacent teeth
  5. Pulpitis (inflammation of tissue within the tooth)
  6. As part of orthodontic treatment
  7. Fractured tooth
  8. When retained (primary or ‘baby’ teeth)

The do’s and don’ts after tooth extraction?


  • Get some rest after tooth extraction
  • Continue to bite down on the gauze for at least an one hour afterwards to reduce bleeding and allow a clot to form. Replace soaked gauze as necessary.

tooth extraction

  • Take medicine as prescribed
  • Consume soft food and cold water
  • Rinse mouth with saline rinses (or mix 1 tablespoon of salt and 8oz of warm water) are usually advised after 24 hours tooth extraction and it help in cleaning and maintaining the hygiene of that area.


  • Don’t smoke at least 48hours after tooth extraction. The chemicals in the smoke can affect the clot and hence the chances of developing dry socket 3 – 4 days after tooth extraction increases.
  • Don’t touch or poke the affected area with tongue, or finger or any objects.
  • Don’t consume food or drinks that are acidic, carbonated and hot immediately after tooth extraction
  • Don’t do any strenuous activity
  • Don’t drink from a straw during recovery. Using a straw could dislodge the beneficial blood clots from the extraction sockets that may lead to dry socket

Complications after tooth extraction

  • Persistent pain
  • Dry socket
  • Bleeding continuous for more than a few hours
  • If swelling persist or increase after 3 days or pain is severe, an infection may have develop
  • Prolonged numbness

If you experience any of the complication listed above, please seek out dental clinic or hospital nearby immediately!!!



MyHealth(official portal), Ministry of Health

Updated:: 24/10/2017 [sitifaridah]


Universiti Putra Malaysia
43400 UPM Serdang
Selangor Darul Ehsan